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Pathophysiology of skin disorders ppt

Common skin diseases - SlideShar

Common Skin Diseases . We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads Pigment Disorders of the Skin • Pigment can be affected by internal factors such as heredity or hormonal fluctuations, or outside factors such as prolonged sun exposure. • Abnormal coloration (dyschromia) accompanies every skin disorder and many systemic disorders Skin diseases are among the leading causes of hospital visits in Ethiopia. An analysis performed from June1995-July1997 to describe the pattern of skin infection at the dermatologic referral clinic of Black Lion Teaching Hospital (BLH) showed that allergic and infectious causes account for three quarters of skin problems. Another study carrie Systemic disease (vasculitis, amyloidosis skin biopsy easier than bronchus) 2. Types of biopsy: a. Shave (epidermis and some dermis) b. Punch (gets all layers but small area) c. Ellipse (cuts off the whole lesion) d. Major excision (goes all the way to muscle) Diseases: 1. Dermatitis: a. Need to know location, superficial vs. deep, and. Diseases are classified by Severity and Duration: Acute- disorder with sudden onset, relatively severe, and short duration of symptoms (e.g. common cold) Chronic - develops slowly, lasting over long periods if not a lifetime (e.g. tuberculosis) Subacute. disease- intermediate between acute and chronic (e.g. endocarditis) Latent disease

  1. Below are PDF files of Dr. Braun's PowerPoint presentations. Click to open, then you can print. Here are the audio (MP3) and iPod files of Dr. Braun's lectures. Follow the instructions to download. 'Right' click the link below and choose 'save as' to save the file to your computer. It can be played with any number of applications
  2. This pathophysiology lecture note will serve as a theoretical guideline for undergraduate nurse and other health sciences students. Pathophysiology is the study of the disturbance of normal mechanical, physical, and biochemical functions, either caused by a disease, or resulting from a disease or abnorma
  3. Skin disorders vary greatly in symptoms and severity. They can be temporary or permanent, and may be painless or painful. Some have situational causes, while others may be genetic
  4. A slowdown of your skin's natural shedding causes a buildup of a protein called keratin that leads to dry skin, a flaky scalp, small fish-like scales (especially on your elbows and lower legs.
  5. Psoriasis is a skin disease that causes red, itchy scaly patches, most commonly on the knees, elbows, trunk and scalp. Psoriasis is a common, long-term (chronic) disease with no cure. It tends to go through cycles, flaring for a few weeks or months, then subsiding for a while or going into remission
  6. This causes large blisters on the skin. This type is a more serious form that usually results from untreated impetigo and causes ulcerative sores that go down into the deeper layers of the skin. Some impetigo is caused by a type of bacteria called methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)
  7. Skin disease, any of the diseases or disorders that affect the human skin. They have a wide range of causes. General features. Although most diseases affecting the skin originate in the layers of the skin, such abnormalities are also important factors in the diagnosis of a variety of internal diseases. There is some truth in the belief that the skin mirrors a person's internal health

Disorders of pigmentation present as skin that is discolored, blotchy, or darker or lighter than normal. They occur when the body produces too little (hypopigmentation) or too much (hyperpigmentation) melanin. Melanin is a pigment that creates hair, skin, and eye color and protects the skin by absorbing ultraviolet light Sometimes, adrenaline and epinephrine releases can also trigger physical symptoms when you are anxious. There have been many studies, and a recent one on how stress causes illness among nurses concluded that burnout is one of the main causes of psychosomatic disorder symptoms like acidity, back pain, neck pain, forgetfulness, and anger ( 4 ) The most common causes of dermatosis include: autoimmune disorders: This occurs when a person's body starts to attack itself and can cause skin conditions to develop such as vitiligo, lupus, and. Skin disorders, usually neglected and frequently underdiagnosed among diabetic patients, are common complications and encounter a broad spectrum of disorders in both type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM)—e.g. cutaneous infection, dry skin, pruritus. Skin disorders are highly associated with increased risk of important outcomes, such as skin lesions, ulcerations and diabetic foot, which. Thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP) is a rare blood disorder. In TTP, blood clots form in small blood vessels throughout the body. The clots can limit or block the flow of oxygen-rich blood to the body's organs, such as the brain, kidneys, and heart. As a result, serious health problems can develop

Psoriasis vulgaris is a common skin disorder characterised by focal formation of inflamed, raised plaques that constantly shed scales derived from excessive growth of skin epithelial cells. The disease is defined by a series of linked cellular changes in the skin: hyperplasia of epidermal keratinocytes, vascular hyperplasia and ectasia, and infiltration of T lymphocytes, neutrophils, and other. Psoriasis is an autoimmune disorder. Symptoms typically include patches of abnormal skin. The affected skin is typically red, scaly, and very itchy. The affected areas vary in size and severity Hyperthyroidism: General Skin Findings Women are at higher risk of hyperthyroidism than men, although both sexes can be affected, with risk greatest in patients with a family history of Graves disease or other thyroid disorders. 7 In patients with hyperthyroidism, epidermal thinning is the most commonly reported skin manifestation. 8 Other skin anomalies include softness, excessive. Apart from addictive disorders, the resultant anxiety disorders are the most frequent mental disorders observed in skin patients, with a prevalence of approximately 20 % 9. Examples include panic attacks in response to anaphylactic shock, or social phobia in case of disfigureing diseases such as atopic dermatitis or cancer Skin disorders cover a wide range of problems and can therefore have a variety of causes such as: Exposure to the elements (sun, wind, heat, cold) Contact with an irritant. Allergic reaction. Poor diet. Build up of toxins (as seen in kidney and liver disease) Hormonal imbalance. Stress

Dr. Braun's Slides & Recorded Lecture

Skin scrapings help diagnose fungal infections and scabies. For fungal infection, scale is taken from the border of the lesion and placed onto a microscope slide. Then a drop of 10 to 20% potassium hydroxide is added. Hyphae, budding yeast, or both confirm the diagnosis of tinea or candidiasis Cutaneous lesions account for four of these 11 revised criteria of SLE. Skin lesions in patients with lupus may be specific or nonspecific. This paper covers the SLE-specific cutaneous changes: malar rash, discoid rash, photosensitivity, and oral mucosal lesions as well as SLE nonspecific skin manifestations, their pathophysiology, and management

Skin Disorders: Pictures, Causes, Symptoms, Treatments

Figure 5.4.4 - Eczema: Eczema is a common skin disorder that presents as a red, flaky rash. (credit: Jambula/Wikimedia Commons) Acne. Acne is a skin disturbance that typically occurs on areas of the skin that are rich in sebaceous glands (oil glands), such as the face and back. It is most common along with the onset of puberty due to. Skin disease, any of the diseases or disorders that affect the human skin. They have a wide range of causes. General features. Although most diseases affecting the skin originate in the layers of the skin, such abnormalities are also important factors in the diagnosis of a variety of internal diseases. There is some truth in the belief that the skin mirrors a person's internal health Disorders of keratinisation. Created 2009. Learning objectives. Describe common features of lichen planus, lichen sclerosus, ichthyosis, pityriasis rubra pilaris, Darier disease and keratosis pilaris Lichenoid diseases. Many skin diseases include the term 'lichen', which is thought to originate from a resemblance to the lichen that is found on trees Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) Etiology/pathophysiology Any acute, subacute, recurrent, or chronic infection of the cervix, uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries that has extended to the connective tissues Most common causative organisms Gonorrhea; streptococcus; staphylococcus; Chlamydia; tubercle bacilli High risk: Surgical and examination procedures; sexual intercourse (especially with.

Video: Pictures of 15 Uncommon Skin Conditions - WebM

10/16/2012 1 Diseases of the Skin Physiology & Function Protection Holds us together Water regulation Vitamin D Immune processing Epidermis/Dermis Communication Basic Patterns Interplay between epidermis and dermis. Rash, reddened Changes in pigmentation Shape of isolated lesions Macule: flat, close your eyes Papule: raised Vesicle: fluid fille or Diseases caused by malnutrition called Deficiency diseases. Rice , idli, Potato, honey etc Dull look , dry and rough skin Kwashiorkor And marasmus Carbohydrates Rice , idli, Potato, honey etc. Dull look , dry and rough skin Kwashiorkor And marasmus Proteins Sources Symptoms Disease caused Components Of food Autoimmune diseases can cause the body to react in many different ways. An autoimmune disease causes a person's immune system to attack the body's own tissues and organs. Because the skin is the body's largest organ, it is commonly affected by certain autoimmune disorders MECHANISM OF PATHOPHYSIOLOGY There are hundreds of thousands hair in one's head, all in of different stages. Some maybe a year old, some can be at least 4 years old. The life cycle of a hair strand depends on the human's nutrition, stress levels, hygiene, hormones, and how the hair is being handles on a day to day basis. According to American Academy of Dermatology, losing up to a fifty to. Acne - Acne is the most common skin disorder in the United States, affecting up to 50 million Americans annually, according to the American Academy of Dermatology. Acne is a chronic inflammatory skin disorder that occurs primarily on the face, neck, chest, back, shoulders and upper arms. Acne can be caused by overactive oil glands that.

Suggested Articles The Challenge of Skin Disorders Eosinophilic Granuloma Complex Food Allergies Cats that Lick Too Much Skin diseases, or dermatopathies, are relatively common in cats. Studies indicate that between 6 and 15 percent of feline patients have at least one dermatopathy and many cats suffer from more than one. Among cats presented to the dermatology service at the Cornell. Cerebellum - Inhalant abuse causes loss of coordination, slurred speech, chronic tremors, and uncontrollable shaking. Ophthalmic Nerve - Inhalant abuse can cause serious sight disorders, including blindness. Brain - Inhalants abuse causes a variety of serious sensory and psychological disorders

Psoriasis - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clini

Impetigo - Pathophysiology, Complications, and Diagnosis

Primary biliary cholangitis - WikipediaPPT - INFLAMMATORY DISORDERS PowerPoint Presentation, free

skin disease Description, Types, & Treatment Britannic

Lupus. This disease that attacks body tissues, including the lungs, kidneys, and skin. Many types of auto-antibodies are found in the blood of people with lupus. No one knows exactly what causes autoimmune diseases, but many factors seem to be involved. If you have an immune system disorder, learn as much as you can about it Bacterial skin diseases cover a wide range of conditions. See pictures of folliculitis, scarlet fever, and more. Noncancerous, Precancerous and Cancerous Tumors. Look at dermatologist's photos of moles, skin tags, and various skin cancers. See how many skin cancers develop from precancerous to cancerous

Identify different diseases, disorders, and injuries of the integumentary system The integumentary system is susceptible to a variety of diseases, disorders, and injuries. These range from annoying but relatively benign bacterial or fungal infections that are categorized as disorders, to skin cancer and severe burns, which can be fatal Irritated skin can be caused by a variety of factors. These include immune system disorders, medications and infections. When an allergen is responsible for triggering an immune system response, then it is an allergic skin condition. Atopic Dermatitis (Eczema) Eczema is the most common skin condition, especially in children Heart disease refers to conditions that involve the heart, its vessels, muscles, valves, or internal electric pathways responsible for muscular contraction. Common heart disease conditions include: Coronary artery disease is the main cause of heart attacks. It is the most common kind of heart disease in the U.S Afferent baroreflex failure is an autonomic disorder that causes fluctuations in blood pressure due to a failure of the blood pressure-sensing nerves that relay information to the brain. As a result, blood pressure alternates between being too high and too low. Symptoms include dizziness and fainting as well as headaches, sweating, and skin.

Start studying Week 1 slides-Derm. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools Symptoms and signs of acute inflammation (which are typically on the skin) include: pain. redness. swelling. immobility. heat (the affected area may feel warm to the touch) If acute inflammation is occurring deep inside the body, such as in an internal organ, only some of these signs may be noticeable Diseases are disorders that affect either a part of, or the entire body by impeding bodily functions. Diseases can be caused due to infectious or non-infectious causes. Non-infectious causes are generally due to internal factors, genetic irregularities, while infectious diseases are caused by microorganisms which are the infection causing agents

Disorders of Pigmentation: Slidesho

Psychosomatic Disorder: Causes, Symptoms, Types, And

Osteoporosis is a disease that thins and weakens the bones. Your bones become fragile and fracture (break) easily, especially the bones in the hip, spine, and wrist. In the United States, millions of people either already have osteoporosis or are at high risk due to low bone mass Learn about the common respiratory diseases, as well as symptoms, causes and treatment options, in the condition guide at U.S. News and World Report The fundamental abnormality resulting in the development of cancer is the continual unregulated proliferation of cancer cells. Rather than responding appropriately to the signals that control normal cell behavior, cancer cells grow and divide in an uncontrolled manner, invading normal tissues and organs and eventually spreading throughout the body List of skin diseases synonyms, List of skin diseases pronunciation, List of skin diseases translation, English dictionary definition of List of skin diseases. seborrhea - a condition in which overactivity of the sebaceous glands causes the skin to become oily. vitiligo - an acquired skin disease characterized by patches of unpigmented skin.

Papulosquamous disorders are a diverse group of skin conditions that have one thing in common: they are identified by red to purple, raised, scaly patches on the skin, with well-defined borders. Papulosquamous disorders have many different causes and treatments. Some of the most common include psoriasis, lichen planus, and certain drug eruptions A deficiency in healthy, fully-matured red blood cells can result in fatigue, paleness of the skin (pallor), lightheadedness and additional findings. Megaloblastic anemia has several different causes - deficiencies of either cobalamin (vitamin B12) or folate (vitamin B9) are the two most common causes

Prurigo nodularis (PN) is a skin disease that causes hard, itchy lumps to form on the skin. The itching can be intense, causing people to scratch themselves to the point of bleeding or pain.Scratching can cause more skin lesions to appear. The itching is worsened by heat, sweating, or irritation from clothing. In some cases, people with PN have a history of other diseases including eczema. Congenital disorders of glycosylation (CDG) is an umbrella term for a rapidly expanding group of over 130 rare genetic, metabolic disorders due to defects in a complex chemical process known as glycosylation. Glycosylation is the process by which sugar 'trees' (glycans) are created, altered and attached to 1000's of proteins or fats (lipids) In a study appearing in the March 22 New England Journal of Medicine, scientists supported by the National Institutes of Health's National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS) have discovered a connection between a specific gene and the inflammatory skin condition vitiligo, as well as a possible host of autoimmune diseases COPD Risk Factors. Smoking is the biggest risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which includes chronic bronchitis and emphysema. It increases your risk of both developing and dying from COPD. Approximately 85 to 90 percent of COPD cases are caused by smoking. Female smokers are nearly 13 times as likely to die from COPD. What is bipolar disorder? Bipolar disorder, sometimes known as manic depression, is a type of mental disorder where people experience periods of extreme lows..

Nicotine affects the immune system, skin inflammation, and skin cell growth, all of which can contribute to the development of psoriasis. People who smoke are also more prone to developing palmoplantar pustulosis—a condition in which painful blisters form on the hands and feet. Like psoriasis, it is a recurrent inflammatory disorder Introduction to Digestive Disorders of Dogs. The digestive system includes all of the organs that are involved in taking in and processing food. It begins with the mouth and includes the esophagus, stomach, liver, pancreas, intestines, rectum, and anus. The process of digestion begins when your pet picks up food with its mouth and starts chewing

Share insights on how the factor you selected impacts the pathophysiology of the immune disorder your colleague selected Alzheimer's disease (AD), also referred to simply as Alzheimer's, is a neurodegenerative disease that usually starts slowly and progressively worsens. It is the cause of 60-70% of cases of dementia. The most common early symptom is difficulty in remembering recent events. As the disease advances, symptoms can include problems with language, disorientation (including easily getting lost.

Dermatoses: Causes, Treatments, and Mor

Parathyroid Gland and DisordersPPT - Pediatric Respiratory Emergencies PowerPointPPT - ACNE VULGARIS PowerPoint Presentation - ID:141913Clinical examination peripheral vascular diseasePPT - EMG II PowerPoint Presentation - ID:322474Henoch-Schonlein purpura | Canada| PDF | PPT| Case ReportsImages of Endocrine Disorders
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